Second Written Test Practice for the 7th grade

Za učenike 7. razreda koji žele dodatnu vežbu za pismeni zadatak dobro će poslužiti ova vežbanja.

Gerund or infinitive???

Pre nego što počnete da radite prvo vežbanja malo podsećanje posle kojih glagola ide gerund, a posle kojih upotrebljavamo infinitiv.

finish, imagine, don’t mind, enjoy + gerund
want, promise, agree, decide, refuse, forget, offer, need + infinitiv
like, hate, prefer, start, try, love + infinitiv ili gerund potpuno je svejedno

stop + gerund znači da si prestao nešto da radiš. npr. He stopped writing. Prestao je da pise.

stop + infinitiv znači da si stao da uradiš nešto npr. He stopped to buy some food. Stao je da kupi hranu.

remember + gerund znači da pamtiš da si nešto uradio npr. I remember phoning Jane at 5 pm. Sećam se da sam zvao Dzejn u 5 sati.

remember + infinitiv znači da si se setio da nešto uradiš npr. I rememberd to phone Jane at 5 pm. Setio sam se da pozovem Dzejn u 5.

 

  1. I love _______ (sing).
  2. He enjoys ________ (ski).
  3. They didn’t have any food in the house so on their way back home they stopped _____ (buy) some.
  4. She tried ________ (open) the can.
  5. I’m so tired. I don’t want _______ (go) out tonight.
  6. The teacher promised _______ (check) our tests as soon as possible.
  7. They have agreed _______ (finish) the project together.
  8. Someone was knocking on the door so he stopped ______ (write) and went to open the door.
  9. She imagined _________ (win) the award.
  10. I was very nervous because I couldn’t find my dictionary but then, I remembered ________ (give) it to my friend so I phoned her to give it back to me.
  11. I prefer _________  (make) dinner on my own  to _________ (go) to a restaurant.
  12. We started _________ (do) our homework.
  13. Sam needs _________ (buy) a new pair of boots.

 

Adjectives ending in –ed and –ing

 

Predevi koji se završavaju sa –ed govore kako se ljudi osećaju dok pridevi koji se završavaju na –ing opisuju stvari ili ljude koji izazivaju ta osećanja.

I was very frightened because the film was frightening.

                                                                 

Izaberite odgovarajući pridev u rečenicama.

  1. She heard some noises late at night. She was terrified / terrifying  and the noises were terrifying / terrified.
  2. I’m very interesting / interested in rock music.
  3. My plans for my summer holiday are excited / exciting so I’m very exciting / excited.
  4. His exam mark is very good. This is surprised / surprising. He is surprised / surprising.
  5. I don’t know what to do. I’m so bored / boring. The whole day is bored / boring.

There is /are someone v-ing … I can see/ hear someone  v-ing

Opišite datu sliku koristeći There is /are someone v-ing … I can see/ hear someone  v-ing,

npr.  I can see four young people talking.

 

Passive Voice

Prebacite date rečenice iz aktiva u pasiv. Ako imate nekih nedoumica pročitajte moj članak o pasivu od 22.aprila ili me kontaktirajte.

  1. Don’t worry. Someone will translate the document very soon.
  2. Alfred Hitchcock directed the film „Psycho“.
  3. They speak Spanish in most of South America.
  4. The boss has invited Emma to the party.
  5. They will finish the new road in July.
  6. They clean the windows every weekend.
  7. My friend took me to the opera.
  8. People make this sauce with olive oil and vinegar.
  9. You can’t go to that shop. They have closed that shop recently.
  10. They found gold in America in the 19th century.

Pored ovih vežbanja biće i prevod iz lekcija Robin Hood i The global warming: its biggest cause. Naučite izraze posle lekcije Kids (The customer)  iz 4. vežbanja kao i 5. vežbanje gde je dijalog za naručivanje hrane u restoranu.

Good luck!

If you need my help or some extra explanations, I’m here for you.

The Passive Voice

Postoje dva načina kada želimo da kažemo da je A nešto uradilo B i ta dva načina su „aktiv“ i „pasiv“.

 

Koristimo aktiv kada želimo da A bude subjekat, npr.

          A                               B                                          A                                  B

Samanta    cleans    the room.                            Denis      broke    the lamp.

   subject                   object                                subject                  object

S druge strane, koristimo pasiv kada želimo da B bude subjekat.

          B                                                                                         B

The room     is cleaned    by Samanta.                    The lamp     was broken     by Denis.

   subject                              agent                              subject                               agent

Naime, možemo jednotavno reći da objekat aktivne rečenice postaje subjekat pasivne rečenice, dok subjekat aktivne rečenice postaje, tzv. agent to jest vršilac radnje i ispred njega uvek stoji predlog by.

Sve to jednostavno možemo predstaviti sledećom šemom.

Active:        Subject (A)              Verb                Object (B)

Passive:       Subject (B)              Verb                Agent (A)

Da bismo dobili i glagol u pasivu moramo upotrebiti glagol BE u odgovarajućem vremenu i PAST PARTICIPLE glagola iz aktivne rečenice  (3. kolona za nepravilne glagole ili dodati nastavak –ed za pravilne glagole).

Present Simple:    

 

am, is, are  + past participle

Past Simple:          

was , were + past participle

Present Perfect:

have, has been + past participle 

Future Simple:

will be + past participle

Pasiv se znatno više upotrebljava u engleskom jeziku nego u srpskom i najčešće pasivne rečenice možete čuti:

  1. kada nije potrebno naglasiti ko je vršilac radnje jer je očigledno o kome se radi, npr.

The rubbish is collected every day.

  1. kada ne znamo, nismo sigurni ili smo zaboravili ko je vršilac radnje, npr.

My car has been stolen.

  1. kada nas više zanima sama radnja, a ne i ko je vršilac radnje, npr.

The flat next door has been bought (by a young couple).

U slučajevima kada su u aktivu subjekti people, they, someone, you, one, te reči se ne pominju u pasivu kao vršioci radnje, npr.

Active:  Someone has stolen my bike. Passive: My bike has been stolen (by someone).
Active: You see this advertisment everywhere. Passive: This advertisment is seen everywhere (by you).
Active:  They grow coffee in Brazil. Passive: Coffee is grown in Brazil (by them).

Rečenice za vežbu:

 

I Napišite date glagole u pasivnom obliku.

Present Simple:

  1. The office ___________ (clean) every evening.
  2. Stamps ___________ (sell) in every post office.
  3. I __________ (pay) on the first of every month.

Past Simple:

  1. I ___________ (invite) to the party last week.
  2. His passport ___________ (steal)  a few days ago.
  3. The walls ____________ (paint) last year.

Present Perfect:

  1. I __________ (interview) for a magazine.
  2. The thief ____________ (arrest) recently.
  3. Five new houses ___________ (built) in my street.

Future Simple:

  1. The match ____________ (play) on Friday.
  2. Next week, this job  ___________ (finish).
  3. The rooms ___________ (clean) while you are out.

II Prebacite date rečenice u pasiv.

  1. A policeman took our passports 5 minutes ago.
  2. They will speak English everywhere one day.
  3. Stacey has invited all her friends to the party.
  4. They speak Spanish inPeru.
  5. Someone posted this letter yesterday.
  6. They will close the road for three days.
  7. People have found the two lost children.
  8. The doctor will examine all the footballers before the match.
  9. They have built some new bridges.
  10.  The teacher marks our tests.
  11.  They make butter from milk.

RESENJA

I Napišite date glagole u pasivnom obliku.

Present Simple:

  1. The office is cleaned every evening.
  2. Stamps are sold in every post office.
  3. I am paid on the first of every month.

Past Simple:

  1. I was invited to the party last week.
  2. His passport was stolen  a few days ago.
  3. The walls were painted last year.

Present Perfect:

  1. I have been interviewed for a magazine.
  2. The thief has been arrested recently.
  3. Five new houses have been built in my street.

Future Simple:

  1. The match will be played on Friday.
  2. Next week, this job will be finished.
  3. The rooms will be cleaned while you are out.

II Prebacite date rečenice u pasiv.

  1. A policeman took our passports 5 minutes ago. Our passports were taken by a policeman 5 minutes ago.
  2. They will speak English everywhere one day. English will be spoken everywhere one day.
  3. Stacey has invited all her friends to the party. All Stacey’s friends have been invited to the party.
  4. They speak Spanish in Peru. Spanish is spoken in Peru.
  5. Someone posted this letter yesterday. This letter was posted yesterday.
  6. They will close the road for three days. The roads will be closed for three days.
  7. People have found the two lost children. The two lost children have been found.
  8. The doctor will examine all the footballers before the match. All the footballers will be examined by the doctor before the match.
  9. They have built some new bridges. Some new bridges have been built.
  10.  The teacher marks our tests. Our tests are marked by our teacher.
  11.  They make butter from milk. Butter is made from milk.