The Present Perfect Tense – affirmative and negative (focus on form)

bee grammar

To form Present Perfect, we use have/has + past participle (3rd column for irregular verbs and -ed for regular verbs). Of course, when the subject is I, we, you, they or any plural noun use have. When the subject is he, she, it or a singular noun use has.

(Sadašnji perfekt se gradi uz pomoć pomoćnih glagola have/has i prošlog participa glavnog glagola (treća kolona nepravilnih glagola ili nastavak -ed za pravilne glagole. Naravno, kada je subjekat u rečenici Ja, mi, vi, oni ili imenica u množini koristimo have, u slučajevima kada je subjekat u rečenici on, ona, ono / to ili imenica u jednini koristimo has.)

We can use short forms for have and has, ‘ve or ‘s.

(Naravno, umesto have i has možemo koristiti kratke oblike ‘ve ili ‘s.)

To make the Present Perfect negative, we use haven’t/hasn’t i past participle.

(Odrični oblik gradimo uz pomoć haven’t/hasn’t i prošlog participa.)

Now, write the verbs in brackets in the Present Perfect Tense. The list of irregular verbs will help you.

  1. We ________ (eat) some fruit.
  2. She ________ (speak) to the teacher.
  3. I _______ (meet) some very interesting people.
  4. My mum _________ (not cook) lunch yet.
  5. He _________ (not see) the film.
  6. The children _________ (break) the window.
  7. They ________ (stop) talking.
  8. Sonia _______ (play) tennis.
  9. I _______ (not write) my homework yet.
  10. Catherine ________ (phone) her cousin.
  11. The postman ________ (not come) yet.
  12. She _________ (not study) French.
  13. George _________ (not be) to Italy.
  14. Mr Cameron _________ (drink) some wine.
  15. The class _________ (start).

irregular-verbs-1203103256300561-4-thumbnail-4

Verb (infinitive) Past simple form Past participle
become became become
begin began begun
break broke broken
bring brought brought
build built built
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
do did done
draw drew drawn
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
get got got (BrE) / gotten (AmE)
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
know knew known
learn learned learnt/learned
leave left left
lend lent lent
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
read read read
ride rode ridden
rise rose risen
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
show showed shown
sing sang sung
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
swim swam swum
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
understand understood understood
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written
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Preparation for the 2nd Test – part 2 (6th grade)

test-your-english

Here are some new exercises for you to do and practise for the test.

I Complete the gaps with suitable expressions given below.

Do you want to come round to my place?           a sort of        Really?        Here it is.        the best thing is     You must be joking!       Are you doing anything at the moment?   going out with

  1. Jack is ___________ Trish.
  2. I’m so bored. I’ve got nothing to do. __________________? We can watch some DVDs together.
  3. A: I’ve passed the test.   B: ___________
  4. A: Can I take a look at the book you’re reading?   B: Sure. ______________  A: What is it about?         A: It’s ______  a detective story.
  5. __________ about shopping online is that you don’t have to leave your home when buying things.
  6. A: Gina got engaged to Roger last weekend.     B: ____________! She loves Anthony.

II Make dialogues. Use the best response from the table.

fantastic

brilliant

great

He

looks

exciting

She

sounds

nice

It

tastes

delicious

That

 smells

boring

terrible

awful

  1. A: We went to Thailand last month.   B: That sounds fantastic.   A: Yes, we had a great time.
  2. A: We had 4 tests last week.  B:  ____________   A: _____________
  3. A: Here’s a photo of my new girlfriend.    B: _______________   A: ______________
  4. A: We’re going to Paris next weekend.   B: _______________   A: _____________
  5. A: Here’s the pizza.   B: ______________
  6. A: I made this chocolate cake.    B: Mmmm, ________________
  7. A: he broke his leg in a skiing accident.    B: ________________
  8. A: This is my new coat.   B: ____________________

Preparation for the 2nd test – part 1 (6th grade)

 My dear six-graders, here you can find some exercises for you to practice for the English test next week. Should you have any questions, you know what you have to do and where you can find me ; ).

So let’s get started.

I Use the past simple or the past continuous tense of the verbs in brackets.

1.      We ________ (swim) in the pool when it suddenly _______ (start) to rain.

2.      While I ________ (look) for my cat, I _______ (find) a small rabbit in the garden.

3.      Mike _______ (climb) a hill when he _______ (fall) down and _______ (break) his leg.

4.      She _______ (cook) dinner as her husband _______ (set) the table.

5.      What _____ you ______ while your brother ________(watch) a film last night?

6.      He ______ (jog) in the park at 5 p.m. yesterday.

7.      What ______ they ______ (do) at 8 a.m. on Saturday?

8.      She _______ (grab) the parcel and ________ (open) it.

9.      Everyone _______ (eat) cake when we ______ (arrive) at the party.

10.  I ________ (be) at home when they _______ (get) back.

 

II Use the correct indefinite pronoun.

              

 

SOME

ANY

NO

EVERY

PEOPLE

Someone

Somebody

Anyone

Anybody

No one

Nobody

Everyone

Everybody

THINGS

Something

Anything

Nothing

Everything

PLACES

Somewhere

Anywhere

Nowhere

Everywhere

 

1.      I need help with these exercises. I want _______ to help me.

2.      Have we got ________ to eat? There is _______ in the fridge. We must go the supermarket.

3.      There are no chairs in the room. We have _________ to sit.

4.      I can’t find my mobile _________.

5.      I can hear noise. I think there is _______ in the living room.

6.      There is ________ at the front door. Is it your friend?

7.      We are having a party next weekend and ________ is coming.

8.      Come here, Sandra. I’ve got _______ to tell you.

9.      Is there _______ you need from the supermarket?

10.  _______ knows what will happen in twenty years time.

11.  She’s so selfish! She doesn’t care about ________.

12.  I’m so thirsty. I need ________ to drink.

13.  I’m so sad and lonely. _______ loves me.

14.  Don’t just sit there. Say ________!

15.  I’ve lost my pen. Does ______ have a spare pen?

 

III Complete the gaps with the expressions from the box.

Get lost!    What did I say?    Fine, thanks.   Guess what!   How’s it going?   Sorry, I can’t.    There she is.      I know.

 

1.      You and your friend are waiting for you sister. Suddenly, she appears. You say: _______.

2.      Your best friend is annoying you. You say: _________.

3.      Someone asks you ‘’How are you?”.  You say: __________.

4.      A friend tells you something but another friend told you about it earlier. You say: _______

5.      You meet a friend you last saw last week. You say: _________

6.      You want to tell your friend something very interesting and surprising.  You say: _________

7.      You say something nice to your cousin but she gets angry. You say: ________

8.      Your friend invites you to a party but you are going on a trip that weekend. You say: _______

IV Ask for and give directions. Look at the map.

mapYou are where the orange cross is. Ask and give directions how to get to:

  1. the chemist
  2. Art Gallery
  3. School
  4. Aquarium
  5. Supermarket

V Complete the where necessary.

1.      _____ British Museum

2.      _____ Hyde Park

3.      _____ Theatre Royal

4.      _____ Mississippi River

5.      _____ Grand Street

6.      _____ Times Square

 

VI Complete the text with a, an or the where necessary.

1.      He lives in ____ small town. _____ town is in ____ south-east part of Germany.

2.      Look! That’s Jackie crossing _____ street.

3.      Can I use ____ bathroom?

4.      I know ____ good restaurant. ____ restaurant is in ____ Bond Street. Let’s reserve ____ table.

5.      Do you drink ____ wine?

6.      Melanie is looking for ___ new job.

7.      _____ life is sometimes hard.

8.       He looked at _____ moon.

9.      He takes ____ bus to school. He usually takes ____ number 15 bus.

10.  I’ll meet her at _____ bus stop opposite ____ police station.

11.  ____ Canada is ____ big country.

12.  Can I use  ____ phone?

13.  She’s going to ____ post office.

14.  I need ____ new jeans.

15.  Could you close ____ door, please?

16.  This is ____ blue whale. It is ____ biggest mammal on ____ Earth.

17.  He won the race. He was ____ first.

18.  She’s got ______ beautiful brown eyes.

19.  Most people like _____ animals.

20.  Let’s meet in ____ city centre.

 

VII Complete the sentences with the given words.

Earthquake     volcano    lightning   avalanches    flood    hurricane

 

 avalanche eruption thunder

1.      A ________ is a very, very strong wind.

2.      In winter, there are often __________ of snow in the high mountains.

3.      Forest fires can start when a ______ hits a tree.

4.      A ________ can erupt. Then, fire and lava come out of the top.

5.      The earth shakes and buildings can fall down during an ___________.

6.      In a _________, water can come into your house.

 

VIII Write about Helena’s arrangements for the next week using the present continuous tense.

busy

·         Monday: go to the dentist’s

·         Tuesday: play tennis with Pamela

·         Thursday: take clothes to the dry cleaner’s

·         Friday: finish the English project with Sam

·         Saturday: watch DVDs with Tina

·         Sunday: having lunch with the Browns

 

1.      On Monday, Helena is going to the dentist’s.

 

IX Make arrangements using the cues.

1.      Go to the cinema / Friday evening?

No, have dinner with George

Saturday evening?

Yes

 

A: Shall we go to the cinema on Friday evening?

B: No, sorry, I can’t. I’m having dinner with George.

A: What about Saturday evening?

B: Saturday evening is OK. Let’s meet in front of the cinema.

A: Great. See you there at 8.15.

 

2.      Play football / at the weekend?

No, go away for the weekend with my family.

Monday afternoon?

Yes

 

3.      Go for a picnic / Sunday?

No, study for an exam

Next weekend?

Yes

And of course, here you can find the Answer key .